An arial view on Nigerian Institute of Medical Research
Medical Laboratory Scientists in NIMR National Reference Tuberculosis Laboratory
Malaria Microscopy Laboratory facility in NIMR
ABI 3130xl Genetic Analyzer
Summary of Conference Proceedings Nigerian Institute of Medical Research
Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Vacancy
2nd International & 5th Annual Scientific Conference
EBOLA OUTBREAK IN NIGERIA
Professor Innocent A. O Ujah, Director General Nigerian Institute of Medical Research Co-Chair Ebola Nigeria Research Team.
In the wake of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) infection in Nigerian, which was brought into the country by a Librarian Patrick Sawyer and has led to the death of few Nigerians include health workers and hundreds of suspected cases; A six-man research committee was inaugurated by the Federal Government on August 4, 2014 with a mandate to carry out research on the deadly contagious virus. The committee is Co-Chaired by Professor Innocent A. O Ujah, Director General Nigerian Institute of Medical Research. Others include Karniyus Gamanie, (Co-Chair) Director-General, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRID), Abuja, Maurice Iwu, Professor of Pharmacognosy, Abdulsalami Nasidi, Project Coordinator, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control; Director of Public Health and Director, Health Planning, Research and Statistics, both of the Ministry of Health.
What Is the Ebola Virus? Basic Facts
Ebola disease—also called Ebola hemorrhagic fever or Ebola fever—is a rare and often fatal illness that humans and nonhuman primates (such as monkeys and gorillas) can contract.
How Do You Contract the Ebola Virus?
You can get the Ebola virus through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected animal or human. These include blood, saliva, semen, vomit, urine, or feces.
According to the World Health Organization, you can also get the virus by handling a sick or dead wild animal that has been infected with it (WHO, 2007).
What Are the Symptoms of Ebola Fever?
If you are exposed to the any of the African forms of the Ebola virus, you will begin to display symptoms anywhere from two to 21 days following that exposure. The onset of the illness is rapid. The initial symptoms resemble those of a common flu infection and include:
Joint and muscle soreness
As Ebola fever progresses, the symptoms become more severe. Late-stage symptoms of Ebola virus may include:
Redness in the eyes
Swelling of the genitals
a bleeding rash over the entire body
How Is Ebola Fever Diagnosed?
Ebola fever is diagnosed using blood tests to detect the Ebola virus in your blood. Your doctor may test you for the Ebola virus if you have symptoms of Ebola fever and have recently been in an area where the virus is found.
How Is Ebola Fever Treated?
There is no cure for Ebola fever. The only available treatments are those meant to help to ease your symptoms. These may include:
Medications to treat shock
Severely ill patients require intensive supportive care. No licensed specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.
When to Call a Doctor
Call your doctor right away if you develop symptoms of Ebola fever and have recently traveled to endemic parts of Africa (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone) or been exposed to the Ebola virus. The earlier you receive treatment, the better your chances will be for survival.
Outlook: The Chances of Survival with Ebola Fever
The National Institutes of Health estimate that Ebola fever is fatal in as many as 90 percent of all infected patients (NIH, 2011). The virus infects the liver, destroys the lining of blood vessels, and causes blood clotting problems and loss of blood. Death is usually due to hypovolemic shock because of loss of blood. It is not known why some people survive Ebola fever while others do not.
How Can Ebola Fever Be Prevented?
You can lower your risk of becoming infected with the Ebola virus by avoiding locations where it is found, especially during times when there is an outbreak of Ebola fever. Avoid handling live or dead wild animals. Some species of animals besides primates may carry the Ebola virus. The African subtypes of the virus have also been found in forest antelope and fruit bats. Also, always be sure to wear special protective clothing (gown, gloves, full face mask and eye goggles) if you are around a person with Ebola fever.
Please report any suspicious case to
Federal Ministry of Health:
HUMAN VIROLOGY LABORATORY
Chief Handel Okoli
Chairman, Governing Board,
Nigerian Institute of Medical Research
To be an institution of excellence in basic, applied and operational research for the promotion of national health and development in Nigeria
To conduct research into diseases of public health importance in Nigeria and develop structures for the dissemination of research findings while providing the enabling environment and facilities for health research and training in cooperation with the federal and state ministries of health and in collaboration with universities, allied institutions and organized private sector nationally and internationally
Nigerian Institute of Medical Research
6 Edmund crescent off Murtala Mohammed way
P.M.B. 2013 Yaba